Service - Baking



A career in baking offers a variety of areas in which to specialize. Bakers are responsible for making breads, bagels, pretzels, cakes, muffins, cookies and pastries as well as chocolate and candy, sugar sculptures and icing. They can prepare many different baked goods or specialize in just one. Depending on their experience and training, they may hire, train and supervise other baking personnel, order and control supplies and stock, and price the various products as well.

Bakers are not only required to follow recipes, but in many instances to also create them. They first prepare the dough or batter by using tools and equipment such as cake rounds, pastry papers, and an assortment of cooking and mixing utensils, and then cook them at precise temperatures for a specific amount of time. They also make icing or frosting for the many desserts that need it, and then apply it with a piping bag in intricate designs.

Main dutiesBakers perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Prepare dough for pies, bread and rolls and sweet goods, and prepare batters for muffins, cookies, cakes, icings and frostings according to recipes or special customer orders
  • Operate machinery
  • Bake mixed doughs and batters
  • Frost and decorate cakes or other baked goods
  • Ensure quality of products meets established standards
  • Draw up production schedule to determine type and quantity of goods to produce
  • Purchase baking supplies
  • May oversee sales and merchandising of baked goods
  • May hire, train and supervise baking personnel and kitchen staff.

Who do they work for?

  • Small retail bakeries
  • Restaurants
  • Supermarkets
  • Catering services
  • Wholesale bakeries
  • Self-employed

Sample titles

  • Chef
  • Oven operator
  • Pastry Chef
  • Baker

Essential Skills

  • Reading
  • Document use
  • Oral communication

How to join the field

  • completion of secondary school is usually required.
  • Completion of a three- or four-year apprenticeship program for bakers or Completion of a college or other program for bakers is usually required.
  • On-the-job training may be provided.
  • Trade certification is available, but voluntary, in Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Nunavut, the Northwest Territories and the Yukon.
  • Interprovincial trade certification (Red Seal) is also available to qualified bakers.


Minimum $11.00
Maximum $20.50
Annual salaries between $22,000 to $45,000

For more information, contact:

Skills/Compétences Canada
294 Albert Street, Suite 201
Ottawa, ON K1P 6E6
Tel: 877 754 5226
Website :